Friday, July 20, 2012
Inflected Endings - To Use Or Not To Use A Separate Stroke
The most frequent English suffixes are the plural, past tense, and –ing inflected endings. A common writing theory question has been: should an inflected ending be a separate stroke or should it be combined, if possible, with the root stroke? The NCRA does not “prohibited” writing theories from including inflected endings on the end of the root stroke. However, the NCRA Theory Review Task Force strongly recommends that a theory use a separate stroke for inflected endings and has even criticized some writing theories that combine the root stroke and inflected endings. Further, some captioning companies actually require that inflected endings be a separate stroke.
Combining the inflected ending with the root stroke saves a stroke; thus, increasing writing speed. However, this combination of root stroke and infected ending creates MANY potential conflicts (e.g., banned and band; sinning and sing; etc.). And the only way to resolve these conflicts is by memorizing the conflicts (or writing rules when combining the inflected ending is or is not allowed) and being able to recall them without hesitation.
I highly recommend using a separate stroke of inflected endings except for 3 situations for the plural ending that never create a conflict.
Plurals (-s, -es):
Use a separate stoke, /Z, for all inflected plural endings except for the following 3 situations.
1. Words ending in -ds (e.g., deeds, sheds, etc.) will combine the plural ending into the root stroke (-DZ).
2. Words ending in -ts (e.g., hits, heights, etc.) will use -S to indicate the plural ending and will combine the plural ending into the root stroke (-TS).
3. Words ending in -ks (e.g., disks, tacks, etc.) will combine the plural ending into the root stroke (-KZ).
Note that you can incorporate a -Z some suffixes to indicate a plural ending; thus eliminating the need for an additional /Z stroke. For example, -GZ = ings and -RZ = -ers.
Past Tense (-ed):
Use a separate stoke, /D, for all inflected past tense endings.
Use a separate stoke, /G, for all inflected -ing endings.
Posted by Ken at 7:35 AM